Some visual difficulties require treatment with Vision Therapy
What Is Vision Therapy?
Optometric vision therapy is an individualized treatment program designed to improve overall visual function and performance. Its proven results are derived from vision-based neurological and neuromuscular conditioning over time. It is organized as:
- A progressive program of vision procedures
- Performed under doctor supervision
- Individualized to fit the visual needs of each patient
- Generally conducted in-office, in once or twice weekly sessions of 45 minutes
- Supplemented with procedures done at home between office visits
The therapy involves the use of lenses, prisms, filters, occluders or patches, electronic instruments and timing mechanisms, balance boards and specially adapted computers. With this equipment the required feedback is provided to the patient to enable change.
Goal Of Vision Therapy
- Help patients develop or improve fundamental visual skills and abilities
- Improve visual comfort, ease, and efficiency
- Change how a patient processes or interprets visual information
Who Can Benefit From Vision Therapy
Some of the specific conditions treated by vision therapy include: tracking difficulties, convergence insufficiency, focusing problems, crossed eyes, lazy eye, visual sensory and motor integration difficulties, visual information processing difficulties including those after acquired brain injuries and those looking to enhance visual performance as with sports vision.
Visual problems involving eye alignment and focusing problems, including crossed eyes, or lazy eye are most recognized as being vision problems. Other conditions that can be impacted include:
Learning Disabilities and Dyslexia - Vision and learning are intimately connected. A vision problem can be easily mistaken for a learning problem. A thorough vision evaluation is recommended to rule out any learning related visual issues. Remediation of the visual difficulties can have a profound impact on reading, writing and learning.
ADD/ADHD - Undetected or untreated vision problems can have some of the same signs and symptoms as ADD/ADHD, possibly leading to a misdiagnosis in some cases. Recent research has shown children with convergence insufficiency are three times as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than children without the disorder.
Autism - Visual problems are very common in individuals with autism, they often use visual information inefficiently and have problems coordinating central and peripheral vision. Often they will exhibit lack of eye contact, staring at spinning objects or light, fleeting peripheral glances, side viewing, and difficulty attending visually.
Acquired Brain Injury - Regardless of how the head injury occurred, vision problems often occur as a result. Blindness or partial visual field loss could be one of the more severe results. Double vision and other eye coordination difficulties can occur. These can lead to symptoms that can include headaches, light sensitivity, blurred vision, balance and movement problems, poor posture, bumping into objects, dizziness, motion sickness, spatial orientation difficulties, visual attention and memory difficulties, difficulty reading and reading comprehension difficulties.